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【污染源】充斥我們生活中的環境荷爾蒙!?

大家對『環境荷爾蒙』這個名詞應該不陌生,時常看到網路,報紙,或新聞對於這個的報導,聽起來好像是不好的東西,這邊來針對這個名詞做一個完整的說明,到底環境荷爾蒙對我們的生活造成什麼影響?

大家對『環境荷爾蒙』這個名詞應該不陌生,時常看到網路,報紙,或新聞對於這個的報導,聽起來好像是不好的東西,這邊來針對這個名詞做一個完整的說明,到底環境荷爾蒙對我們的生活造成什麼影響?

以行政院環保署的定義來說
「環境荷爾蒙」又稱為「內分泌干擾素(Endocrine disrupter substance簡稱EDS)」,
「環境荷爾蒙」是指「干擾負責維持生物體內恆定、生殖、發育或行為的內生荷爾蒙之外來物質,影響荷爾蒙的合成、分泌、傳輸、結合、作用及排除」。

簡單來說,環境荷爾蒙是個名詞,這個名詞內有很多成分,而這些成分會經由空氣、水、土壤、食物等途徑進入體內,然後會對身體產生類似荷爾蒙的作用,來干擾身體本身的分泌系統,所以這些有害的成分,就統稱為『環境荷爾蒙』。

人體就像是一個精密的儀器,分泌的激素維持的微妙平衡,若被這些外來的成分影響的身體激素的平衡,是很容易造成人體的疾病,目前經研究證實,環境荷爾蒙會造成以下疾病。

嬰兒先天性異常
生育障礙、不孕
嬰兒免疫力下降
智商低落與發育遲緩
神經發展不良(過動、注意力不集中、攻擊性、學習障礙)
子宮內膜異位症。
在女性身體中模擬雌激素(動情激素)
造成女性卵巢功能降低
受孕力下降
女孩提前性成熟。
乳癌及子宮內膜異常增生(endometriosis)
精液品質亦呈下降趨勢
降低男性生殖力
男孩易患睪丸癌
免疫方面問題
前列腺癌
睪丸癌

有很大部分都是對於下一代,影響甚多,除了男女受孕困難,新生兒也有較容易有問題,以及罹患相關癌症。
根據臺灣醒報報導,在「職場及環境生殖危害國際研討會」中美國的研究學者發表演說,指出暴露在會干擾內分泌的農藥環境中的母鼠,至少有四代的生殖能力會受到影響。

那這些環境荷爾蒙都存在於哪邊呢?基本上有很多化學合成洗劑會添加這些成分,這些成分就存在於我們日常使用洗劑用品當中,例如洗碗精、洗衣精、浴室廚房清潔等等。常常聽到新聞報導出,又查獲了某某黑心食品,多少毒物吃下肚之類的報導,聽到後都會覺得實在太無良,為了賺錢怎麼可以這麼黑心,但這些沒有被發現的環境荷爾蒙也一樣是很可怕。

10Y0426-D15-P01這些成分若是透過日常生活當中來毒害我們身體,且不論有沒有洗乾淨好了,這些成分會順著水流被排放到大海,影響著大海中的生態,
會造成

魚類及鳥類之甲狀腺功能及發育異常。
降低貝、魚、鳥類及哺乳動物生殖力。
降低魚類、鳥類及爬蟲類動物孵化率。
造成魚、鳥、爬蟲及哺乳類動物去雄性化(demasculinization)及雌性化(feminization)。
軟體動物去雌性化 (defeminization)及雄性化(masculinization)。

透過影響這些動物魚類,再經由食物鏈回歸到我們人體,真的是防不慎防,
目前每年男性精蟲數以2 % 速度持續下降中,目前台灣的癌症也一直是十大死因之首

這邊跟大家整理一下,常見的環境荷爾蒙,請大家在挑選商品的時候,一定要注意看裡面的成分,有沒有含有這些成分,如果不從我們開始維護我們的環境,更不能奢望別人幫保護我們的生活。

目前已知之環境荷爾蒙約有70種,其中40餘種為農藥(如:除草劑、殺蟲劑、殺菌劑等),其他尚包括有機氯化物(戴奧辛、PCB、DDT等)、清潔劑原料、塑膠原料等,

美國針對「環境荷爾蒙篩選計畫」(Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program,EDSP)於2009年4月15日公布第一階段最終篩選清單(Final List of Chemicals for Initial Tier 1 Screening)67種化學物質,日本依據「環境內分泌干擾物質因應策略」(Strategic Programs on Environmental Endocrine Disruptors,SPEED’ 98)於1998年公布包括67種化學物質疑似為環境荷爾蒙。

生活當中常見可能含有環境荷爾蒙物質的用品

環境荷爾蒙
類別 名稱 主要可能用途
塑膠添加 鄰苯二甲酸酯 嬰兒奶瓶、柔性嬰兒書籍、磨牙器、奶嘴、保鮮膜、指甲油、香水、髮膠、沐浴乳、乳液、妊娠紋霜、口紅、塑膠容器、可微波塑膠便當、塑膠袋、塑膠餐具(塑膠兒童餐具)
工業用化合物 雙酚A(BPA 奶瓶、食品罐頭內膜、CD、水壺、可微波食品容器防火材料、黏合劑、冰箱、運動用品、醫療儀器、家用電子產品等
壬基酚(NP)及壬基酚聚乙氧基醇(NPE 非離子型界面活性劑及農藥添加等乳化劑、製造塑膠、染料、油漆、潤滑油及金屬加工、清潔劑、潤濕劑等
重金屬(鉛、鎘、汞 汞:體溫計、血壓劑、乾電池、牙科用之銀粉、紅藥水、螺旋形日光燈及日光燈管等
有機氯 三丁基錫(TBT)類、三酚基錫(TPT) 防腐劑、防霉劑、防菌劑、安定劑、催化劑、殺蟲劑、船舶底部及水產養殖殖網上之抗生物附著塗料等
殺蟲劑、殺菌劑、除草 殺蟲劑、殺菌劑、除草

 

資料來源:環境品質文教基金會

 

作者: 淨毒五郎

以【生活】為出發點,希望提供每個人更多關於環境、健康、居家的知識,幫助大家有更良好的生活品質,創造並享受自己的生活風格,喜愛並認同天然、健康、無毒、環保、行善的事情。

在〈【污染源】充斥我們生活中的環境荷爾蒙!?〉中有 27 則留言

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